Does a drug that begins to be used as a condom substitute prevent HIV and pregnancy?

Truvada, a drug that was created as a treatment for HIV (it contains a combination of the tenofovir and emtricitabine antiretrovirals), is beginning to be used by its users as a substitute for condoms when it comes to preventing HIV infection, that is, for prophylactic purposes . At the moment the drug is only available in the United States, Brazil and South Africa and is in the process of being approved in France.

The pharmacist explains that a 40% of Truvada users are women (especially in the southern United States), although while consumption among homosexuals increases, that of women decreases. To achieve complete protection, the medication should be taken once a day.

It has side effects, such as giving kidney problems, backaches and nausea, but it is highly effective against AIDS. Despite its use as a condom replacement, the company that distributes Truvada, the Gilead laboratory, warns that this replacement could trigger the spread of other sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea or chlamydia.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States has issued new recommendations for HIV / AIDS prevention and advised that the population with high-risk behaviors of infection take the Truvada drug to reduce the chances of becoming infected. All in all, in an ideal world Truvada It should be a condom complement, but should not be advised to be a substitute. In addition, the drug does not prevent pregnancy.

Video: #AskTheHIVDoc: I use condoms. Do I need PrEP? 1:16 (March 2020).